A. D. SAVATEEV
Doctor of Historical Sciences
Institute of Africa, Russian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: Arab revolutions, globalization, Arab-Muslim culture, Russia, Russian political elite
The Arab so-called revolutions (which should more accurately be called riots, coups, anti - authoritarian actions, and perhaps uprisings) reflected, on the one hand, the processes of globalization in their Western version and, on the other, the traditional paradigms of Islamic civilization. Their bizarre interaction, which manifests itself in both confrontation and symbiosis, rivalry and mutual adaptation, perhaps with more evidence than any other criteria, can explain the causes and essence of the upheavals experienced by Arab countries. Moreover, taken separately, economic, social, demographic and even political factors, as shown by a detailed analysis conducted by direct witnesses of the events in Cairo in January 2011-Russian researchers, Doctor of Historical Sciences A. V. Korotaev and Candidate of Historical Sciences Yu. V. Zinkina 1, cannot give an exhaustive answer to the question of the prerequisites for the speeches in these North African countries, which stand out for their relative well-being against the general background of the Muslim world.
Arab Africa and the Middle East, which have turned into a zone of violent anti-government protests, have long been part of a global world, the reality of which is largely determined by the action of modern mass media - the Internet, television, newspapers and radio. The prevailing Western socio-cultural images and models of behavior (in particular, democracy in its formal expression, the emphasis on the law as a total means of resolving all issues, respect for human rights to the detriment of obligations to society) run counter to the prevailing attitudes in the local environment - traditional morality, faith, and collective perception of the world. They also contradict emotional value characteristics, existing norms, and, final ... Читать далее